- THOSE PERSONS WHO Are Not To Be Tried While They Hold a Magistracy or the Imperium. A dictator, consul, praetor, master of the horse, censor, aedile, plebeian tribune, quaestor, triumvir capitalis, triumvir for granting and assigning lands, or military tribune in any of the first four legions shall not be summoned to court as long as he holds a magistracy or the imperium … It is not the intent of this law that anyone of those who retires from such magistracy or command shall not be summoned to court.
Interesting to see that the Romans, too, had issues with the relative powers of the executive and the judiciary. Interesting, too, to read ancient law and to find that it sounds pretty much like something we might have come up with today: look at the the sentence at the end of the quote explicitly stating the “intent” of the law.
This from Acilian Law on the Right to Recovery of Property Officially Extorted (122 B.C.)