I could have titled this post MORE Criminal Code amendments introduced. Between House of Commons Bills C-2 and C-52, 11 are related to the Criminal Code or its related legislation (youth justice, criminal records). November 1, 2010 saw the introduction of Bills C-51 (Investigative Powers for the 21st Century Act) and C-52 (An Act regulating telecommunications facilities to support investigations). Bill C-46 from the 40th Parliament, 2nd Session 2009 was similar to Bill C-51, but died on the order paper with the end of the session.
There is an interesting Department of Justice Backgrounder on C-51. The purposed of this bill is to assist the government and her agents with various problems:
- Obtaining Transmission Data to Trace a Specified Communication
- Preservation Orders (for data from telecos)
- Tracking warrants (privacy protections for person location while continuing to allow tracking of objects)
- Possession of a computer virus for the purpose of mischief
- Modernizing the Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Act and the Competition Act
- International considerations (create the legislative framework necessary for Canada to ratify the Council of Europe’s Convention on Cybercrime and the Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime, Concerning the Criminalisation of Acts of a Racist and Xenophobic Nature Committed through Computer Systems)
Since I am not a lawyer, I am asking Slawyers to comment. Does this look just a little bit like the US Patriot Act?
For example, the proposed replacement for s.487.11:
487.11 Either a peace officer or a public officer who has been appointed or designated to administer or enforce a federal or provincial law and whose duties include the enforcement of this or any other Act of Parliament may, in the course of their duties, exercise any of the powers described in section 487, 492.1 or 492.2 without a warrant if the conditions for obtaining a warrant exist but it would not be feasible to obtain a warrant because of exigent circumstances.
I look forward to comments that will educate me about this legislation.