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The Canadian Encyclopedic Digests

The “Great Encyclopedias” of Legal Research – Part III

This is the third of a series of posts that were prepared following a request by Professor Daniel Poulin to explain the nature and purpose of “Halsburys” and the “C.E.D.” to his seminar on legal information at the University of Montreal. The views expressed are the personal opinion of the writer.

ON THE SHOULDERS OF OTHERS

The Fourth Western and Ontario Editions of the Canadian Encyclopedic Digest are the newest publications to follow the Halsburys Model in Canada. While essentially simple revisions of Titles published in previous editions, the Fourth Editions are nonetheless “new products” for consumers of legal information. They are being launched in vastly different market conditions from the previous editions, and without any guarantee of critical or commercial success.

The market response to the launch of the Fourth Editions will be determined by the extent to which they meet or surpass expectations and fill the need for legal encyclopedias, in what has become a highly competitive market for legal information.

CANADIAN ENCYCLOPEDIC DIGESTS – THE THIRD EDITIONS

Publishing Team

At the outset, let me say that my first loyalty has always been to the Canadian Encyclopedic Digests. I began my career in legal publishing editing Titles for the Third Ontario Edition of the Canadian Encyclopedic Digest. My initial introduction to legal publishing came from the team responsible for the C.E.D. – Boris Krivy, Alan Turnbull, Gloria Mintah, and Dzidra Martinaitis. Boris and Gloria were superb manuscript editors, while Dzidra was the quintessential production editor, determined to ensure that each reference was correct and that the grammar was sound. Alan with his mastery of the practical and his willingness to take risks, ensured that the project got the project off the ground three decades after the publication of the Second Editions.

Critical Acclaim and Market Acceptance

The Ontario Third Edition was launched to critical acclaim and widespread market acceptance. The first volume included a fresh new treatment of Administrative Law by Professor David Mullan of Queens University, setting a high standard for quality as well as filling a void in the previous edition.

It was published in loose-leaf format which was seen at the time as a panacea for dealing with the issue of currency. Miraculously it was expected that a loose-leaf publication would somehow keep itself current. At the time, there was little or no forethought given by either the publisher or the user as to the amount of filing that would be required and the cost of updating such a large scale publication.

The Titles were eminently readable, with high quality editorial standards, and a striking physical appearance. The type face choice and size, combined with a generous page layout, created a publication that was both elegant and easy to read. (I realize that many view comments on the physical appearance of a publication as not consequential in the greater scheme of things, but professional publishers know how important these details are in gaining acceptance and respect in the market place). Presentation was particularly important in the seventies before the advent of computers made it possible to produce groomed manuscripts as well as groomed publications.

Not long after the Ontario launch, the Western Third Edition was published by the Calgary based editorial team headed by Karen Flint. It was equally well received by the market.

Suggestions for improvement

Despite the obvious strengths of the Third Editions, there were suggestions from users for improvement:

Too many Titles – The first and subsequent editions followed closely the organization of Halsburys Laws of England. “Butterworths History of a Publishing House” provides some background on just how close:

The year of Butterworths’ entry into Canada, 1912, saw the commencement of the Dominion Law Reports by the Canada Law Book Company, and of the Western Weekly Reports by Burroughs of Calgary who had broken away from the Canada Law Book Company to set up his own business. Burroughs started a more ambitious project in 1919, namely the Canadian Encyclopedic Digest (Western) but foolishly imitated Halsbury so closely that he was forced to rewrite and reprint the first issue when challenged on copyright.

Like Halsburys, there were too many small Titles that did not always reflect Canadian circumstances. Criminal Law, for example, was split into many different Titles in spite of the codification of criminal law that had taken place in Canada. New Titles, such as Foreign Investment, were added that could have been incorporated into existing Titles. Titles on subjects like Labour Law which are governed by both federal and provincial laws were not well structured.

Inconsistent coverage – Consistency in the treatment of a subject was not required. A Title like Agency covers all of the common law provinces of Canada; other Titles combine Ontario and the Western provinces while many treat Ontario and the Western provinces separately. The determining factor was the willingness of the author to write a combined Title. Atlantic Canada was largely ignored and Quebec abandoned.

Too many cases – The explosion of case law reporting produced a crisis in maintaining currency. It was not immediately recognized that the decision to provide loose-leaf updates that included every reported case meant that the sheer volume of updating required to maintain currency would overwhelm the publishing schedule and produce Titles that were drowning with foot note references. Currency suffered as a result.

Frequent legislative changes – At the same time as the volume of case law dramatically increased, so too did the frequency of legislative enactment and amendment. The combination of the increase in case law and the frequency of legislative change make a difficult situation regarding currency almost an impossibility in print, while creating new opportunities for determined editors in the online environment.

Uncertain authorship – A number of Titles in the Third Editions were substantially the same as in the First and Second Editions, updated with current statute and case law references. Yet only the names of the Editors of the Third Editions were provided on the Title. For some users, the name of the original author reflects on the credibility of the Title. In the case of Family Law in the Fourth Editions, it will be interesting to see whether and how the name of the late Professor James G. McLeod is used on the Titles he originally prepared for the C.E.D.

CANADIAN ENCYCLOPEDIC DIGESTS – THE FOURTH EDITIONS

The advertising material for the Fourth Editions speaks in terms of a masterpiece being restored. The imagery suggested by this statement is very powerful, highlighting as it does the importance of the publication to the legal profession, as well as the need to publish a new edition after three decades of service.

The Restoration

According to the Carswell announcement, “We’re streamlining and updating The Canadian Encyclopedic Digest to make sure that you will always find the most current and relevant information. This marks the beginning of a three-year restoration plan that will result in the thorough revision of all subject titles. In 2008, we will be issuing 63 Fourth Edition titles including three titles that have never appeared before.”

Implicit in this announcement is a plan to review, revise and reissue “new editions” of every one of the 160 or so Titles, while simultaneously maintaining the currency of every Title. This is a massive undertaking that will take a considerable period of time to complete.

Any judgment as to the success of the Restoration can only be determined by how it is received, both critically and commercially. A thorough review of each Title by someone conversant with the subject matter, as well as a Title by Title comparison with Halsburys Laws of Canada, might help the market make an informed decision. Such a project is something that the Canadian Association of Law Libraries is well positioned to undertake.

Transitional Issues

With any large scale revisions of publications like the Canadian Encyclopedic Digests, transitional issues inevitably arise. One example is Title 1 Volume 1, where the Title “Indians” is being renamed “Aboriginal Law”, but is not yet ready for publication. This understandably causes some short term confusion to the occasional user.

The front matter at the time of writing contains the following text:
NOTE: The title “Indians” has been changed Aboriginal Law as part of the transition to the 4th Edition of the Canadian Encyclopedic Digest. The title contents are currently being updated and will be replaced in the coming months. We apologize for any inconvenience this may cause.
This title contains material drawn from:
Cases up to and including [1992] C.C.L. Case Digests, No. 3
Statutes up to and including:
Canada Gazette No. 22, 1992/02/26
Ontario Gazette No. 2, 1992/02/25

As was the case with the rejuvenation of the Canadian Abridgment a few years ago, a regular advisory on the progress of the Restoration would be helpful.

New Features in the Fourth Editions

The Fourth Editions include two new features have the potential to dramatically enhance the usefulness of the Canadian Encyclopedic Digests:

1. Cross references to the Canadian Abridgment Case Law Digests – Fourth Edition Tiles issued since September 2008 have been enhanced by the addition of cross references at the head of every section to the equivalent classification in the Canadian Abridgment. The headings permit the user to do intensive case law research to supplement the content of the Title using the Canadian Abridgment Case Digests.

2. Innovative approach to noting currency – Specificity regarding the cutoff date of any piece of legal writing is an invaluable aid to a legal researcher who wish to update the case and statute law found in a particular Title. The Canadian Encyclopedic Digests exceed expectations by providing cut off dates for case law search in the form of a reference to a particular issue of Canadian Current Law and to particular issues of the federal and provincial Gazettes used in the preparation of each Title. As a result, a user can quickly and efficiently determine what next steps, if any, are required to update the Title.

OPPORTUNITY FOR TRANSFORMATION AS WELL AS FOR RESTORATION

Given that the Fourth Editions are still works in progress, the opportunity still exists to set a new standard for the Canadian Encyclopedic Digests by addressing unresolved issues, most notably those regarding currency and scope, that were not addressed by the editors of the Third Editions.

Unresolved issues regarding currency

According to the Carswell announcement, “Going forward, we are committed to an ongoing program that ensures that all subject titles always remain current. Key titles will be updated annually and all other titles will be updated every three years.”

The question naturally arises as the the definition of a “key” Title. In the case of a publication like a Canadian Encyclopedic Digest, a “key” Title for the user may be a Title on a relatively obscure subject where secondary sources are not readily available, as opposed to a Title like Criminal Law where many alternative sources of the same information are available to a researcher. Criminal Law is an area characterized by frequent legislative change and staggering volumes of case law, and at the same time be of little interest to a user of a Canadian EncyclopedicDigest.

It is impossible to say that a Title that is updated every three years is being kept “current”. In print, current means a minimum of one update per year. Online, the expectation is an immediate update, or as shortly after a change occurs.

The systematic addition of references to the Canadian Abridgment offers an opportunity for the publisher to maintain the integrity and currency of each Title while reducing the amount of updating. This can be done by rigorously editing the revised Titles to focus on the statement of the principles of law derived from cases and statutes that form the basis of each subject, and by not including case references for case references sake. For cases that apply merely legal principles to similar but different fact situations, it should be sufficient to direct the researcher to the Canadian Abridgment Case Digest. In this way, the volume of updating required would become manageable and the Tiles kept current in both print and online.

Unresolved issues regarding scope

Unlike Halsburys Laws of Canada, the Canadian Encyclopedic Digests do not integrate relevant provincial law from every province of Canada into every Title. The Western Edition of the Canadian Encyclopedic Digest was launched in 1919, followed by the launch of an Ontario Edition in 1926. One easily can surmise that the editors of the First Editions contemplated publishing separate Atlantic and Quebec Editions of the Canadian Encyclopedic Digests, but fell short of achieving their ultimate objective.

To compete nationally with Lexis Nexis Butterworths, Carswell needs to develop and publish both Atlantic and a Quebec Editions of the Canadian Encyclopedic Digest, thereby completing the initial vision of its creators and offering content comparable to its competitor.

A century of service to the legal profession

For almost a century, the Canadian Encyclopedic Digests have played a prominent role in the practice of law in Ontario and the Western Provinces. Without question, the publications have made a major contribution to Canadian legal literature. As with Halsburys, each Title of every edition warrants inclusion in the Index to Canadian Legal Literature as a separate entry.

Until recently, the Canadian Encyclopedic Digests were unchallenged in the market for legal information. Today, everything has changed – not only is there the challenge from competing publishers, but there is also the challenge of meeting market expectations for continuously updated content in an online environment.

Will Carswell respond to the challenges? Carswell certainly has both the financial resources and the editorial talent in the form of Rachel Francis, Michael Silverstein, John McDermid and others, to do so. My expectation is that Carswell will rise to the occasion and ensure the Canadian Encyclopedic Digests continue to play an important role in the practice of law in Canada.

As with everything, however, only time will tell.

Next post in series: Juris Classeur Quebec

___________________________________________________________________
Appendix 1 – First Western Edition of The Canadian Encyclopedic Digest

Volume 1
Copyright Canada 1919 by Burroughs and Company Limited

Abduction by W. J. Tremeear (1917)
Abortion Offences by W. J. Tremeear (1917)
Accession by S.E. Bolton (1918)
Action by W. J. Tremeear (1917)
Admiralty by W. J. Tremeear (1917)
Agency by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Aliens by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Animals by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Arbitration by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Arson by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Assault by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Assembly (Unlawful) by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Auctions and Auctioneers by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Bailment by W.Kent Power (1918)
Banks and Banking by W.Kent Power (1918)
Barristers and Solictors by W.Kent Power (1918)
Bastards by W.Kent Power (1918)
Bigamy by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Bills of Exchange by W.Kent Power (1918)
Bills of Sale and Chattel Mortgages by S.E. Bolton (1918)
Blackmail by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Blasphemy by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Boilers by W.Kent Power (1918)
Boundaries by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Bribery by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Building Contracts by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Bulk Sales by L.W. Brockington (1918)
Burglary by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Carriers by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Charities by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Choses in Action by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Churches by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Clubs and Unincorporated Associations by W.Kent Power (1918)
Companies by J.E.A. Macleod (1918)
Compensation by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Concealment of Birth by W. J. Tremeear (1918)
Conditional Sales by W. J. Tremeear (1918)

Volume 2
Copyright Canada 1920 by Burroughs and Company Limited

Conflict of Laws by W.Kent Power (1919)
Conspiracy by W. J. Tremeear (1919)
Constitutional Laws by W.Kent Power (1919)
Contempt of Court by S. Edward Bolton (1919)
Contracts by W.S. Scott, K.C. (1919)
Conversion by W.Kent Power (1919)
Copyright by W. J. Tremeear (1919)
Coroners by W. J. Tremeear (1919)
Costs by W.Kent Power (1919)
Counterfeiting by W. J. Tremeear (1919)
Courts by W.Kent Power (1919)
Criminal Law by W. J. Tremeear (1919)
Crown by W.Kent Power (1920)

Volume 3
Copyright Canada 1920 by Burroughs and Company Limited

Damages by W. J. Tremeear (1920)
Dead Bodies by W.Kent Power (1920)
Debentures by W. J. Tremeear (1920)
Debtor and Creditor by W.Kent Power (1920)
Deeds and Documents by W.Kent Power (1920)
Defamation by W.Kent Power (1920)
Detinue by W.Kent Power (1920)
Devolution of Estates by W.Kent Power (1920)
Discovery by W.Kent Power (1920)
Disorderly Houses by W. J. Tremeear (1920)
Distress by T.E. Wilson (1920)
Divorce by L.W. Brockington (1920)
Drainage by W.Kent Power (1920)
Easements by W.Kent Power (1920)
Ejectment by W.Kent Power (1920)
Elections by J.B. Coyne (1920)
Equity by W. J. Tremeear (1920)
Escape by W. J. Tremeear (1920)
Estoppel by M.A. Miller (1920)
Evidence by W. J. Tremeear (1920)
Executions by W.Kent Power (1920)
Executors and Administrators by W.Kent Power (1920)

Volume 4
Copyright Canada 1921 by Burroughs and Company Limited

Exemptions (from Execution) by W.Kent Power (1920)
Extortion by W. J. Tremeear (1920)
Extradition by W. J. Tremeear (1920)
Extra-Judicial Seizures by W.Kent Power (1920)
Factors, etc. Regulations by W.Kent Power (1920)
False News by W. J. Tremeear (1920)
False Pretenses by W. J. Tremeear (1920)
Farm Machinery by R.M. Edmanson (1920)
Ferries by W.Kent Power (1920)
Fires by W. J. Tremeear (1920)
Fire-Arms by W. J. Tremeear (1920)
Fisheries by W. J. Tremeear (1920)
Fixtures by W.Kent Power (1920)
Forcible Entry by W. J. Tremeear (1920)
Forgery by W. J. Tremeear (1920)
Fortune-Telling by W. J. Tremeear (1920)
Franchises by W.Kent Power (1920)
Fraud by W.Kent Power and W. J. Tremeear (1920)
Fraudulent Conveyances by W.Kent Power (1920)
Game Laws by W. J. Tremeear (1920)
Gaming by W. J. Tremeear (1920)
Garnishment by W. J. Tremeear (1921)
Gifts by W.Kent Power (1921)
Grain Laws by W. J. Tremeear (1921)
Guarantee by W. J. Tremeear (1921)
Habeas Corpus by W. J. Tremeear (1921)
Hawkers and Pedlers by W. J. Tremeear (1921)
Health by W. J. Tremeear (1921)
Highways by W.Kent Power (1921)
Homesteads by W.Kent Power (1921)
Homicide by W. J. Tremeear (1921)
Horses by W. J. Tremeear (1921)
Hotels and Hotelkeepers by W. J. Tremeear (1921)
Housebreaking by W. J. Tremeear (1921)
Husband and Wife by W.Kent Power (1921)
Immigration by W. J. Tremeear (1921)
Imprisonment by W. J. Tremeear (1921)
Indecency by W. J. Tremeear (1921)
Indians by W. J. Tremeear (1921)
Infants by W. J. Tremeear (1921)
Injunctions by W.Kent Power (1921)

Volume 5
Copyright Canada 1922 by Burroughs and Company Limited

Insolvency by W. J. Tremeear (1921)
Insurance by W.Kent Power (1921)
Interest by W. J. Tremeear (1921)
Interpleader by W.Kent Power (1921)
Intimidation by W. J. Tremeear (1921)
Intoxicating Liquors by W. J. Tremeear (1921)
Irrigation by W.Kent Power (1922)
Judgement and Orders by W.Kent Power (1922)
Judicial Sales by W.Kent Power (1922)
Justices and Magistrates by W. J. Tremeear (1922)
Landlord and Tenant by W. J. Tremeear (1922)
Liens by S. Edward Bolton (1922)
Limitation of Actions by W. J. Tremeear (1922)
Local Judges and Masters by W.Kent Power (1922)
Lotteries by W. J. Tremeear (1922)
Lunatics by W. J. Tremeear (1922)
Malicious Prosecution by W. J. Tremeear (1922)
Mandamus by W. J. Tremeear (1922)
Master and Servent by W. J. Tremeear (1922)
Mechanics’ Liens by T.E. Wilson (1922)

Volume 6
Copyright Canada 1923 by Burroughs and Company Limited

Medicine and Surgery by W. J. Tremeear (1922)
Merger by W. J. Tremeear (1922)
Military and Navel Law by W. J. Tremeear (1922)
Mines and Minerals W.S. Buell (1922)
Mischief by W. J. Tremeear (1922)
Mistake by S.E. Bolton (1922)
Mortgages (Land) by J.E.A Macleod, K.C. (1922)
Motor Vehicles by T. Gillespie (1922)
Municipal Corporations by W.Kent Power and G.F. Buchanan (1922)
Mutual Aid, etc. Assns by G.F. Buchanan (1922)
Narcotic Drugs by W. J. Tremeear (1923)
Negligence by W. Kent Power and W. J. Tremeear (1922)
Noxious Weeds by T. Gillespie (1923)
Nuisance by T. Gillespie (1923)
Obstruction of Justice by W. J. Tremeear (1922)
Parties by G.F. Buchanan (1922)
Partnership by S.W. Field, K.C. and W.D. Craig (1923)
Patents of Invention by T. Gillespie (1923)
Perjury by W. J. Tremeear (1923)
Perpetuities and Accumulations b y W. J. Tremeear (1923)
Personation by W. J. Tremeear (1923)
Petition of Right by W. J. Tremeear (1923)
Piracy by W. J. Tremeear (1923)
Pleadings by G.F. Buchanan (1923)
Pledges by T.Gillespie (1923)
Police by T.Gillespie (1923)
Possssion by G.F. Buchanan (1923)
Practice by G.F. Buchanan (1923)
Prize Fights by W. J. Tremeear (1923)

Volume 7
Copyright 1925 Canada Burroughs and Company [Eastern] Ltd.

Professions and Professional Societies by G.F. Buchanan (1923)
Prohibition by W. J. Tremeear (1923)
Public Authorities and Public Officers by W. J. Tremeear (1923)
Public Meetings by W. J. Tremeear (1923)
Quo Warranto by W. J. Tremeear (1923)
Railways by W.H. Sellar (1923)
Real Property by W. J. Tremeear (1923)
Receivers by G.F. Buchanan (1923)
References and Enquiries by G.F. Buchanan (1924)
Replevin by G.F. Buchanan (1924)
Resisting Process by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Revenue by T. Gillespie (1923)
Riot by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Robbery by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Sale of Goods by A.R. Creagh (1924)
Sale of Land by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Schools and School Districts by T. Gillespie (1924)
Sedition by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Seduction by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Seed Grain by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Selling Public Offices by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Sexual Crimes by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Sheriffs and Bailiffs by R.M. Spankie (1924)
Shipping by W.S. Buell (1924)
Specific Performance by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Statutes by G.F. Buchanan (1924)
Stock and Grain Exchanges by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Street Railways by W.H. Sellar (1924)
Succession Duties by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Suicide by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Sunday Observance by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Taxation by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Telegraphs by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Telephones by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Tender by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Theaters, etc. by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Theft by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Timber by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Torts by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Trade Marks and Designs by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Trade Name by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Trade and Trade Unions by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Treason by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Trespass by W. J. Tremeear (1924)
Trials by W. Kent Power (1925)
Trusts and Trustees by W. Kent Power (1925)
Universities by A.J. Milligan (1925)
Vagrancy by W. J. Tremeear (1925)
Vital Statistics by A.J. Milligan (1925)
Waiver by W. J. Tremeear (1925)
War by A.J. Milligan (1925)
Waters and Watercourses by W. Kent Power (1925)
Weights and Measurer by W. J. Tremeear (1925)
Wills by W. J. Tremeear (1925)
Work and Labor by W. J. Tremeear (1925)
Workmen`s Compensation for Injuries by W. J. Tremeear
Wounding by W. J. Tremeear (1925)
________________________________________________________________
Appendix 2 – First Ontario Edition of the CANADIAN ENCYCLOPEDIC DIGEST – 1st Edition
Consulting Editor – The Honourable William Renwick Riddell
Editors – S. Edward Bolton and D.A. Macrae
Copyright 1926 Burroughs and Company [Eastern] Ltd.

Volume 1
Absentees by W. Kent Power (1925)
Accession by W. J. Tremeear (1925)
Actions by W. Kent Power (1925)
Admiralty by W. J. Tremeear (1925)
Agency by S. Edward Bolton (1925)
Aliens by W. J. Tremeear (1925)
Animals by Paul Home (1925)
Annuities by W. J. Tremeear (1925)
Arbitration by Paul Home (1925)
Associations by W. J. Tremeear (1925)
Auctions and Auctioneers by W. J. Tremeear (1925)
Bailment by Hugh C. Farthing (1925)
Bankruptcy and Insolvency by W. J. Tremeear (1925)
Banks and Banking by W. Kent Power (1925)
Barristers and Solicitors by W. Kent Power (1925)
Bastards by W. J. Tremeear (1925)
Bills of Exchange by W. Kent Power (1925)

Volume 2
Copyright 1926 Burroughs and Company [Eastern] Ltd.

Bills of Sale by W. J. Tremeear (1926)
Boilers by W. J. Tremeear (1926)
Boundaries by W. J. Tremeear (1926)
Building Contracts by Paul Home (1926)
Bulk Sales by W. J. Tremeear (1926)
Carriers by W. J. Tremeear (1926)
Cemetaries by S. Edward Bolton (1926)
Certiorari by W. J. Tremeear (1926)
Champerty and Maintenance by S. Edward Bolton (1926)
Charities by S. Edward Bolton (1926)
Choses in Action by W.Kent Power (1926)
Churches and Religious Institutions by Paul Home (1926)
Colleges and Universities by W.Kent Power (1926)
Companies and Corporations by Paul Home (1926)
Compensation by W.Kent Power (1926)
Conditional Sales by D.R. Michener (1926)
Conflict of Laws by D.A. MacRae (1926)
Conspiracy by W.Kent Power (1926)
Constitutional Law by W.Kent Power (1926)
Contempt of Court by D.R. Michener (1926)
Contracts by W.Kent Power (1926)

Volume 3
Copyright 1927 Burroughs Company [Eastern] Ltd.

Conversion by Morley H. Breuls (1927)
Copyright by. C. Boville Clark (1927)
Coroners and Inquests by. C. Boville Clark (1927)
Costs by W.Kent Power (1927)
Courts by W.Kent Power (1927)
Criminal Law by W. J. Tremeear (1927)
Crown by W.Kent Power (1927)
Damages by W. J. Tremeear (1927)
Dead Bodies by W. J. Tremeear (1927)
Debentures and Bonds by Fraser Raney (1927)
Debtor and Creditor by W.Kent Power (1927)
Deeds and Documents by W.Kent Power (1927)
Defamation by C. Boville Clark (1927)
Detinue by W. J. Tremeear (1927)
Devolution of Estates by Paul Home (1927)
Discovery by Paul Home (1927)

Volume 4
Copyright 1928 Burroughs Company [Eastern] Ltd

Distress by Morley H. Breuls (1927)
Drainage by D.R. Michener (1927)
Easements by Paul Homer (1927)
Ejectment by W. Kent Power (1927)
Elections by W. Kent Power (1927)
Equity by S.E. Smith (1927)
Estopped by Paul Home (1927)
Evidence by D.A. MacRae (1928)
Executions by Paul Home (1928)

Volume 5
Copyright 1929 Burroughs Company [Eastern] Ltd

Executors by W. J. Tremeear and D.R. Michener (1928)
Extradition by Paul Home (1928)
Factories, Shops, etc. by Paul Home (1928)
False Imprisonment by W. J. Tremeear and D.R. Michener (1928)
Ferries by Paul Home (1928)
Fires by D.R. Michener (1928)
Fisheries by W. J. Tremeear and D.R. Michener (1928)
Fixtures by W. Kent Power (1928)
Foreign Judgements by D.A. MacRae (1928)
Franchises by Fraser Raney (1928)
Fraud by W. Kent Power (1928)
Fraudulent Conveyances by Paul Home (1928)
Game Laws by W. J. Tremeear and D.R. Michener (1928)
Gaming by W. J. Tremeear and D.R. Michener (1928)
Garnishment by W. J. Tremeear and D.R. Michener (1928)
Gifts by W. Kent Power (1928)
Grain Laws by W. J. Tremeear and D.R. Michener (1928)
Guarantee and Surety-ship by W. J. Tremeear and D.R. Michener (1928)
Habeas Corpus by W. J. Tremeear and D.R. Michener (1928)
Hawkers and Pedlars by W. J. Tremeear and D.R. Michener (1928)
Highways by W. Kent Power (1928)
Horses by W. J. Tremeear and D.R. Michener (1928)
Hospitals by Paul Home (1928)
Hotels by W. J. Tremeear and D.R. Michener (1928)
Husband and Wife by A.R. MacDougall and D.A. MacRae (1928)
Immigration by W. J. Tremeear and D.R. Michener (1928)
Imprisonment by W. J. Tremeear and D.R. Michener (1928)
Indemnity by Paul Home (1928)
Indians by W. J. Tremeear and D.R. Michener (1928)
Infants by Paul Home (1928)

Volume 6
Copyright 1930 Burroughs Company [Eastern] Ltd

Injunctions by W. Kent Power
Insurance by Gideon Grant, Angus C. Heighington and W. Kent Power
Interest by E.L. Weaver
Interpleader by W. Kent Power
Intoxicating Liquors by R.T. Ferguson
Joint Tenancy and Tenancy in Common by Paul Home
Judgements and Orders by Gerald Kelly
Judicial Sales by Paul Home
Justices and Magistrates by Paul Home
Landlord and Tenant by W. Kent Power
Liens by F.W. Kemp
Limitation of Actions by Paul Home

Volume 7
Copyright 1931 Burroughs Company [Eastern] Ltd

Lis Pendens by Donald M. Fleming (1929)
Lunatics by Paul Home (1929)
Malicious Prosecution by Donald M. Fleming (1929)
Mandamus by G.E. Eastman (1929)
Master ad Servant by Paul Home (1929)
Masters and Local Judges by Paul Home (1929)
Mechanics’ Liens by Harold W. Timmins (1929)
Medicine and Surgery by Wilfred C. James (1929)
Merger by R.M. Willes Chitty (1929)
Military and Navel Law by R.M. Willes Chitty (1929)
Mines and Minerals by A.K. Roberts (1929)
Mistake by W. Kent Power (1929)
Moratorium by W. Kent Power (1929)
Mortgages by F.W. Kemp (1930)
Motor Vehicles by T.N. Phelan and D.R. Michener (1929)
Municipal Corporations by F.B. Proctor (1930)

Volume 8
1930: Copyright in Canada owned by Burroughs and Company [Eastern] Ltd.

Narcotic Drugs by R.M. Willes Chitty (1930)
Negligence by Donald M. Fleming (1930)
Noxious Weeds by Paul Home (1929)
Nuisance by W. Kent Power (1929)
Parent and Child by W. Kent Power (1929)
Parties by Paul Home (1929)
Partnership by W. Kent Power (1929)
Patents of Invention by H.G. Fox (1929)
Penalties & Forfeitures by Paul Home (1929)
Perpetuities and Accumulations by Paul Home (1930)
Petition of Right by Wishart F. Spence and D.A. MacRae (1930)
Pleadings by W. Kent Power (1930)
Pledges by Paul Home (1929)
Police by R.M. Willes Chitty (1930)
Professional Occupations by R.M. Willes Chitty (1930)
Prohibition by R.I. Ferguson and Gerald Kelly (1930)
Public Authorities and Public Officers by Paul Home (1930)
Public Health by Vera Robinson (1930)

Volume 9
1931: Copyright 1931 Burroughs and Company [Eastern] Ltd.

Public Utilities by R.M. Willes Chitty (1930)
Quo Warranto by Paul Home (1930)
Railways by J.Q. Maunsell (1930)
Real Property by John J. Robinette (1930)
Receivers by Paul Home (1930)
Recognizances by R.M. Willes Chitty (1930)
References and Inquiries by Paul Home (1930)
Replevin by L.R. McDonald (1931)
Revenue by Paul Home (1930)
Sale of Goods by W. Kent Power (1930)
Sale of Land by W. Kent Power (1931)
Schools by R.M. Willes Chitty (1931)
Seduction by Paul Home (1931)
Settlements by Paul Home (1931)
Sheriffs by R.M. Willes Chitty (1931)

Volume10
Copyright 1932 Burroughs and Company [Eastern] Ltd.

Shipping by Paul Home (1931)
Soilders’ Act by R.M. Willes Chitty (1931)
Specific Performance by W. Kent Power (1931)
Statutes by W. Kent Power (1931)
Stock and Grain Exchanges by Alexander Stark (1931)
Street Railways by Donald M. Fleming (1931)
Succession Duties by T. Sheard (1931)
Sunday Observance by R.M. Willes Chitty (1931)
Telegraphs by R.M. Willes Chitty (1931)
Telephones by R.M. Willes Chitty (1931)
Tender by R.M. Willes Chitty (1931)
Theatres, Shows and Public Entertainments by R.M. Willes Chitty (1931)
Timber by R.M. Willes Chitty (1931)
Time by R.M. Willes Chitty (1931)
Torts by W. Kent Power (1931)
Trade and Trade Names by Paul Home and Harold G. Fox (1931)
Trade Marks and Designs by Harold G. Fox (1931)
Trades and Trade Unions by Gerald Kelly (1932)
Trespass by W. Kent Power (1931)
Trials by W. Kent Power (1931)
Trusts and Trustees by A. Roy Courtice (1931)

Volume 11

Vital Statistics by Alan Van Every (1932)
Waiver by W. Kent Power (1931)
War Measures by Alan Van Every (1932)
Warehousemen and Warehouse Receipts by Paul Home (1931)
Waters and Watercourses by Donald M. Fleming (1932)
Weights and Measures by Alan Van Every (1932)
Wills by Terance Sheard (1932)
Work and Labour by Paul Home (1932)
Workmen’s Compensation for Injuries by Paul Home (1932)
Practice by W. Kent Power (1932)
Taxation by J. Palmer Kent, D.M. Fleming, R.M. Fowler, J.N. Herapath, W. Judson, R.H. Soward (1932)

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