The electronic documents part of the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) generally operates on an opt-in basis. Thus, for example, s. 41:
A requirement under a provision of a federal law for a document to be in writing is satisfied by an electronic document if
(a) the federal law or the provision is listed in Schedule 2 or 3; and
(b) the regulations respecting the application of this section to the provision have been complied with.
To date, only the Federal Real Property and Federal Immovables Act and a small part of . . . [more]